A green mining vehicle roadmap will enable the mining industry to lower emissions and more easily integrate clean energy sources.
Approximately 95% of underground metal mine production uses loaders capable of moving up to 10 tonnes of ore over several hundred metres. These vehicles sometimes descend up to 2,500 metres below the ground and can climb inclines of up to 11.5 degrees.
What makes these vehicles so powerful is their diesel engine. However, burning this fuel produces considerable emissions of carbon particulates and noxious gases (carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide). Diluting those emissions using ventilation can account for as much as 40% of the electricity costs of underground mining operations.